The Madhubani painting is said to be one of the most famous art forms that originated from India. It is often practiced by people in the region of Nepal and Bihar. The Madhubani painting is also popularly referred to as the Mithila art. These paintings often have characteristics like complex geometrical patterns. They are also well known for representation of ritual content in special occasions like festivals and religious rituals. This particular type of art was used by the women to decorate their house walls and doors so as to seek God’s blessing for peace and prosperity.
The Madhubani painting has become more popular in recent times and some of the reason for this popularity include;
1.ITS ORIGIN AND HISTORY
According to many historian studies, the origin of the Madhubani painting can be traced back to the Ramayana era when Sita’s father, Raja Janaka request that a large number of artists should decorate the whole kingdom with this form of art during Sita’s wedding. This is one of the reasons why the Madhubani paintings are often based on religious themes like the paintings of gods like Lord Krishna and scenes from the Ramayana era. This is one of the reasons why the Madhubani paintings are often seen in most religious households.
2.UNIQUE STYLE AND DESIGN OF THE PAINTING
The Madhubani paintings are often painted with fingers, twigs and matchsticks and also pen nibs in recent times. It is often painted with natural bright colors which are often made using a paste of cow dung and mud to provide it with a better texture. The outline of the painting usually has its framework made from rice paste. The juice of kusum flower is often used for crimson hue, blue from indigo, turmeric extract for yellow, red from sandalwood and so on. The artists often used different natural materials for their color needs.
3.THE DISCOVERY OF THE MADHUBANI PAINTINGS
Before 1930, the rare Madhubani paintings were not known to people that lived outside the Madhubani region. But in 1934, the city of Bihar experienced a major earthquake and a British officer of the Madhubani area who admired Indian art and culture noticed these unique arts on the damaged walls of Madhubani during his inspection. The officer’s name was William G. Archer and he was the one that introduced this unique art to the people that reside outside Madhubani.
4.IT PREVENTS DEFORESTATION
This fact is not known to many but Madhubani artists use the Madhubani art as a way to prevent trees from being cut down. This unique art was not created just for decorations, Madhubani artists make these paintings on trees depicting Hindu gods and strong religious beliefs in the region prevents people from cutting them down.
This is one of the reasons why the Madhubani art is famous in the modern world. These paintings often have geometric patterns and bright colors. These geometric patterns are often used to symbolize valor, devotion, love, fertility, peace and prosperity.
The artists of Madhubani often make use of bold hues in order to draw geometric patterns and floral designs. One of the things that make this unique art famous is the fact that it is often created without the use of sketch. This is one of the reasons why it is also very different from other forms of paintings.
7.IT HAS MANY DEDICATED ORGANIZATIONS
There are several dedicated organizations that work to support this unique form of Indian art. There are a lot of galleries that contain Madhubani paintings both in India and in other countries. These organizations also work with the Madhubani artists to promote this form of art.
8.INTERNATIONAL DEMAND FOR THE MADHUBANI PAINTINGS
The Madhubani paintings have also become very popular in Japan and it is also well appreciated and renowned in several other countries also.
9.IT IS USED FOR WALL DESIGN AND TEXTILE DESIGN
Since the creation of this unique form of art, the Madhubani painting have been used to decorate walls of houses in the Madhubani area. It was a tradition for the Madhubani people. It was often done by the women during special occasions. In the modern world, the Madhubani art has also been used to design textile products like sarees, dupattas and salwar suits.
10.IT HAS A CONCEPT
The Madhubani paintings are often drawn according to a fixed theme and accordingly lines, patterns and symbols are drawn by the Madhubani artists. For example, the fish symbol is often used to represent fertility, procreation and good luck while peacocks are often used to symbolize religion, love and romance and serpents stand are often used to represent divine protectors.